The majority of people are familiar with the term “DBS Check”. The Disclosure and Barring Service check allows employers to ensure the credibility of potential employees by checking their criminal history for cautions, warning, reprimands and convictions. However, there are varying levels of detail these checks will disclose depending on the job the applicant has applied for. There are three levels of DBS checks available to employers: basic, standard and enhanced. However, in which instances would the most in-depth “Enhanced DBS Check” be required and what information would it look at?
Which Jobs Require An Enhanced DBS Check?
In England and Wales, Enhanced Disclosure and Barring Checks are a complete criminal history check with the addition of DBS Children’s Barred List or the DBS Adult First checks in order to prevent any individual working with children or vulnerable adults who shouldn’t.
An Enhanced DBS check is required for any role included in the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (Exceptions) Order 1975. These include but are not limited to:
- Roles working in close proximity with children and vulnerable adults
- Foster Carers
- NHS Professionals
While the above may be among the most common roles which require an Enhanced DBS check, any role which involves engaging or regular activity with children or vulnerable adults may result in a potential employer or voluntary organisation carrying out an enhanced check to ensure you are not barred from working with children, adults or both.
What Information Does An Enhanced DBS Check Include?
An Enhanced Disclosure and Barring Check includes information in regards to any spent and unspent convictions held on the Police National Computer which are not eligible for filtering.
For each conviction, the date of conviction, court details, offence details, date of offence and sentence given will be included as part of the Enhanced DBS Check. In addition to this, the police hold the right to include any additional information held on file which they see as relevant to the check.
As mentioned, as well as being an in-depth criminal record check, the Enhanced Disclosure and Barring Check ensures that the applicant is not listed on the Children’s Barred List or the DBS Adults Barred List.
Do DBS Checks Show Cautions?
A question that is often asked is ‘do DBS checks show cautions?’ In short, all Disclosure and Barring Service checks will display any unspent convictions or cautions. However, sometimes a caution may be filtered during the DBS check process, meaning that they will not appear. In previous years, all convictions and cautions were displayed on your DBS check before the law was changed in 2013.
There are certain types of conviction or caution that will be filtered and so won’t appear on your DBS check. Meanwhile, there are certain offences that will always appear (click here for the list). For all other cautions, whether or not they appear on your DBS certificate is dependent on a variety of factors.
Who Can Apply For An Enhanced DBS Check?
An individual cannot apply for an enhanced check on themselves. An employer must request an enhanced check if the role applied for is eligible. For example, an enhanced check cannot be taken on a retail or office worker if their environment does not include children or vulnerable adults. An employer must also seek consent before applying for an enhanced check on an individual.
If you are unsure of the level of DBS check required for a role or have uncertainties in what type of check your current and future employees need, we at Care Check will be glad to advise you. For your enquiries, contact us on 0333 777 8575 or email us at email@example.com.