Due to the current climate, many people have momentarily been working from home rather than in the office to avoid transmission of COVID-19. However, there are many people who, prior to coronavirus, are home-based workers and, dependent on the role, would require a DBS check.
This undefined area needs clarification to ascertain which home-based roles would require a criminal record check and to ensure that they are following the necessary safeguarding protocols.
What is meant by a home-based position check?
There is some confusion surrounding which positions and activities require a DBS check, but essentially a home-based DBS check is an additional check which works in accordance with an Enhanced DBS check.
To clarify, a role is deemed home-based if:
- An applicant carries out their work with vulnerable adults/children from their home address;
- An applicant lives in the household of someone who is being/ has been checked because they work with children/vulnerable adults from their own home.
If the job position is based in the home of the person who is being cared for, then it would not qualify as home-based. However, certain factors must be taken into consideration:
- The child or adult must be in the home of the applicant that is providing care, teaching or instruction.
- If the DBS check is in relation to members of households rather than the individual who is providing care, there must be the opportunity for contact with the children in the home.
- Currently, there is no legislation that allows a DBS check for individuals who live in the household of someone who is providing regulated activity personal care, healthcare or social work to adults who need it.
What roles are eligible for a home-based position check?
The following job roles require an Enhanced DBS check and are eligible for a home-based position check:
- Roles which involve teaching, supervising, guiding or providing care to children such as a nanny.
- Childminding, adopting or fostering.
- Working and living on the premises of a children’s home, a nursery school, a children’s centre, an institution for the detention of children, a further education institution or a 16-19 academy for children, an educational institution exclusively for the full-time provision of education to children.
- Healthcare, personal care or social work as a regulated activity.
The following case studies can provide some further explanation:
- Barry works as a foster carer. He is employed via a fostering agency. Children under the age of 18 live in his household and are his responsibility and in his care. Barry would be required to have a home-based check on his DBS check.
- Cynthia works for a tutoring agency as a home tutor. She works from her own home teaching children. The children’s parents drop them off and they are in Cynthia’s care. Cynthia would require a home-based check as a part of their Enhanced DBS Check.
- Dave is a home care worker for a domiciliary care agency. He is required to go into vulnerable adults’ homes to provide them with care. As he is entering the service users’ home, he is not required to have a home-based check as part of his DBS application.
- Helen works for a care home group as a business development manager from her own home. She does not enter the care homes; her role does not involve caring for any vulnerable groups and she has no contact with the service users. Helen is therefore not eligible for a home-based check or an enhanced DBS check. Her employers could request a basic level DBS check for her if they desired as part of their recruitment policy.
If you have any further questions regarding home-based positions, please do not hesitate to contact the Care Check team on 0333 777 8575 or alternatively you can refer to the DBS home-based reference material here.